The different experts

The Assessor

The term “ expert for the customs” does not exist; the assessor is called to sit at arbitration committees and complete expert assessments for customs. These assessors are appointed by joint ministerial decrees. The list is published in the official journal.

Expert for volunteer auction halls

Being an expert for a volunteer public auction company, is , first of all, working within a business structure and thus working in collaboration with it while remaining a service provider. There is no contract or fixed employment (similar to British auction companies), only a relation of privileged confidence and link between an auction house and its expert. His role goes beyond pure expert assessment by contributing to the creation of catalogues, selecting of the best photos to present the work for the selling and even contributing to the arrangement of the exhibition room. In addition, the expert has to know the different restoration techniques and expense, and because of the increased exposure via public auctions websites, he is the preferred spokesperson and advisor of the potential buyer. The voluntary sale council is very attentive to the experts’ obligations, recognized or not by this council: the ban of selling or buying for an expert, assessment in relation with the reserve price of the object, respect of the rules to draft descriptive sheets, professional insurance… The auctioneers, because of their non-specialised knowledge are glad to receive help, guarantee and knowledge from others. This is what they expect from an expert’s attendance.

The legal expert

The registration on a list of legal experts is from a 1971 law that stipulates that a legal expert is someone registered on a legal experts list. Every year, a national list is made for the judges. It is drafted up by the Court of Appeal offices and one list for each Courts of Appeal is drafted up by the general assembly of the Court of Appeal.

The legal expertise

A person recognized for his skills gives his expert opinion, typically on technical matters, regarding a dispute or specific inquiry. The expert’s role is to provide a technical advice only and does not judge the dispute, as he must not give any legal opinion (article 238 of the new Code of Civil procedure).

The other stakeholders

The antique seller is the retail trader specialised in the purchase and selling of ancient objects.

The insurer is the person that serves as a guaranty against hazards in an agreement.

The auctioneer is the person in charge of describing and estimating the presented goods with the help of a specialized expert. He receives bids and sells at auction.

The expert is in charge of recognizing the work of art’s authenticity and value.

The bailiff is the government officer who signs the procedural acts and implements the judgments.

The notary is the civil official who writes and authenticates the deed and agreements.